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护理干预对人工髋关节置换术后患者的影响

[日期:2014-09-26]   来源:28毕业论文网  作者:28毕业论文网   阅读:77[字体: ]
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护理干预对人工髋关节置换术后患者的影响
The influence of nursing intervention on patients after hip arthroplasty
摘要:目的:针对行人工髋关节置换术的病人,以老年病人为主,基础病多,身体各脏器生理功能减退,手术难度大,术后并发症多(深静脉栓塞、肺栓塞、切口感染、人工髋关节脱位、关节松动、股骨骨折、异体固化)。探讨人工髋关节置换术后的护理方法,康复训练,使患者减少并发症,促进治愈,恢复行走能力,自理能力,延长生命的重要性。方法:通过对40例髋关节置换术后的护理,根据疾病的不同时期采取不同的护理措施。结果:40例患者中无并发症恢复行走能力37例,并发肺炎2例,并发静脉栓塞1例。结论:根据疾病的不同时期采取不同的护理措施有助于疾病恢复及减少并发症的发生。
Abstract: objective: according to the row of hip arthroplasty patients, give priority to with elderly patients, basic disease, decreased body each viscera function, operation difficulty is big, more postoperative complications (deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, infection of incision, artificial hip joint dislocation, joint looseness, femoral fracture, variant curing). To explore the nursing methods of after hip arthroplasty, rehabilitation training, reduce patient complications, promote healing, restore the ability to walk, self-care ability, the importance of prolonging life. Method: 40 cases of nursing after hip replacement, according to the different nursing measures during different periods of the disease. Results: no complications in 40 patients recovery walking ability of 37 cases, complicated by pneumonia in 2 cases, 1 case was complicated by venous thrombosis. Conclusion: according to the different period of disease of different nursing measures help disease recovery and reduce complications.
关键词: 髋关节置换术; 护理干预
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